Types Of Excavation Equipment

Equipment Types Whether your are looking for a specific equipment type, or you’re just not sure, the transportation experts at NTL can help you with a wide range of in-house or brokered equipment options in order to meet your needs. tonkin 1/50 mammoet kobelco cke 2500 crawler crane in used but excellent condition. The minimum length of a panel depends on the grab equipment size and is generally in the order of 3. Construction equipment types cover from the very heavy equipment to the portable and mobile lighter equipment, some of them with a precise description of their functions are detailed below. Types of Excavation Hazards Soil Failures • Stress cracking near the edge of the excavation - Caused by Soil Pressures or Equipment Vibrations - Indicative of Impending Failure - Competent Person required to • Remove workers • Specify appropriate protective systems • Inspect daily for effectiveness. 108 Construction Equipment and Methods,ENGR 043 Class Syllabus Introduction The purpose of this 108 Construction Equipment and Methods online course is to give the student an overall understanding of construction equipment and selected construction methods. 5 tons per square foot (tsf) (144 kPa) or greater. The prime function of instruments and test equipment is to help installation and maintenance personnel ensure dependability, efficiency, and profitability of electrical systems and equipment. The industry standard in construction leveling Spectra Precision® Laser LL300S The full featured Spectra Precision LL300S is the advanced new generation of automatic, self-leveling, rugged laser level. Demonstrate manual testing methods, including pocket penetrometer, shear torvane, thumb penetration test, and more. The basic structure of a snowboard with a wood core is shown in the graphic below, with each part explained in detail further down the page. You should consider attic or roof radiant barriers (in hot climates), reflective insulation, and foundation insulation for new home construction. However a basic knowledge of geology allows a Construction Supervisor to evaluate rock slope stability, rock excavation methods and equipment, as well as geological hazards such as sinkholes and landslides. Compared to the new top buy list, small-size contractors in our sample prefer to buy their backhoes used rather than new,. With more than 20 types for heavy demolition work, we have the greatest variety in Japan. If you would like to be able to identify a building's construction type, start with Step 1 below for an overview of how it's done. Excavation support systems are used to minimize the excavation area, to keep the sides of deep excavations stable, and to ensure that movements will not cause damage to neighboring structures or to utilities in the surrounding ground. How to Choose Construction Measuring Tools How to Read a Tape Measure How to Measure With a Tape Measure.



Contact us for more information on how we can help you. Rent Equipment in select rental centers of The Home Depot. Hi-Rail Equipment. Types of Heavy Equipment. With more than 20 types for heavy demolition work, we have the greatest variety in Japan. The “Excavations” section of the Construction Regulation identifies the various types of soils and specifies the type of shoring and timbering. Hoisting Equipment. Many authors have linked productivity very closely to quality and quality management. 1 Description 4. We strive to find the most efficient foundation equipment for you. Volvo Excavators are dependable, powerful and up for any construction task. And the site-wide evacuation portion of the app alerts workers if they need to evacuate. Types of Rental Programs. By Alan Ying Managing Director, Polus Capital. Most Heavy Construction Equipment Operators will specialize in one of the above areas, which will determine how long their training lasts. Enjoy low warehouse prices on name-brand Construction Equipment products. Alternatively, it is the standard estimate for a Government-purchased replacement of like capability. It can range from a single extinguisher on small low-risk sites to complex fixed installations on large and high-risk sites. These types of eye hazards are generally controlled by safety glasses, goggles and face shields.



Caterpillar 944A Wheel Loader used. Combining ergonomic comfort with joystick maneuverability, modern excavators are designed to operate effectively in a host of extreme environments, from mining and forestry to demolition and landscaping. Compact or mini-construction equipment has made huge inroads onto the nation's worksites. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 42 U. As a Heavy Equipment Operator, you will work outdoors on construction sites. But rentals can only go so far—sometimes, it makes more sense to buy. WELCOME TO HAWKESBURY MINI EXCAVATION Excavators based in Sydney. Construction Machinery Industrial, LLC "The premier Alaska destination for construction machinery rental, sales, and service. The first step in welding repair is removal of the damaged metal. - Arcadia | NearSay. com is the leading resource for the commercial construction industry including news, articles, equipment and product reviews for the commercial construction industry. Compact Track Loaders. Construction If it digs, lifts, clears, builds or grades, Scott has it. BUY & SELL PLANT & EQUIPMENT. Equipment financing transactions are provided in Canada by Wells Fargo Equipment Finance Company. NFPA 220 is an extract document of Section 7. Welcome to Thomas' Guide to Material Handling Equipment.



1977 Diamond T Pick up. This figure illustrates the types of excavations made in Type A soil: Two types use an unsupported vertically sided lower portion (with maximum depths of 8 Feet and 12 Feet), and the three remaining types include single bench excavation, simple slope - short term, and multiple bench excavation. " An excavation is a hole left in the ground as the result of removing material. 272,335 classified ads for public works equipment for sale on Machineryzone are currently online. Attachment Type Bradco Model 365 Backhoe. Increasingly, Building Information Modelling (BIM), and the development of Virtual Construction Models (VCM) are being used to organise construction works and the deployment of plant on site, in particular in relation to the use or cranes and other lifting equipment. Alternatively, it is the standard estimate for a Government-purchased replacement of like capability. JCB is one of the world's top three manufacturers of construction equipment. Excavation Related Machineries Power Shovel Dragline Clam Shell Back Hoe Trenching Machine. While selecting heavy construction equipment, industries focus on parameters such as the complexity of the project, material, cost, quality, time, and safety. Designed with productivity in mind, our heavy construction equipment offers industry-leading features that satisfy the needs of owners, fleet managers and operators. Heights, large and mobile equipment, edges, deep holes, and wobbling stairs are a reality in many construction sites, no matter how modern or careful the contractors claim them to be. See the complete list of Tables for Equipment. Since we expect to run equipment to failure, we will require a large material inventory of repair parts. Offers various types of concrete construction equipment including concrete plant, concrete mixers, concrete batching plant, transit mixer, self loading transit mixers, concrete pump, shotcrete machine, concrete mix plant, international standard concrete construction machinery by a leading concrete solutions provider, Apollo Infratech. Rock & Dirt is your destination for new and used construction equipment and heavy machinery.



In addition to the operating brake, skips of concrete mixers should be provided with a device or devices by which they can be securely blocked when raised. , Austell, GA 30168 info@plateauexcavation. Jun 24, 2019 (WiredRelease via COMTEX) -- MarketResearch. program has been designed by the Construction and Equipment Directorate of the DLA Troop Support to provide responsive, high quality products at fair and reasonable prices. The "Excavations" section of the Construction Regulation identifies the various types of soils and specifies the type of shoring and timbering. Topcon and JCB announce collaboration for 3D machine control excavation Topcon Positioning Group and JCB announce a collaboration to provide the Topcon X-53x as a. More About Big Parts Promise about Big Parts Promise. We've met all types of rock when supplying tools to demanding customers worldwide. The first types of bulldozers were adapted from farm tractors that were used to plough fields. 1 Equipment - All Types. Traditional compaction specifications often spelled out the compaction method to be used, including the type of equipment, the maximum lift height, the number of passes, etc. If you don’t have the right piece of equipment, or your own equipment is busy or being. The basic structure of a snowboard with a wood core is shown in the graphic below, with each part explained in detail further down the page. According to Ritchie Bros, the five factors you should consider: your current financial situation, the cost of owning versus. leasing market including all types of equipment and all types of lessors. A trench is an excavation in which the depth exceeds the width (Figure 1). Pictures of Loader Construction Equipment Uses of Loader Equipment. Construction Equipment Guide covers the nation with its four regional newspapers, offering construction and industry news and information along with new and used construction equipment for sale. Get details of manufacturers & exporters of construction equipment, building construction, road construction equipment, construction machines, building construction machines, road construction machines, construction tools, building construction tools.



We strive to find the most efficient foundation equipment for you. Types of Construction Trucks for Toddlers & Children July 15, 2015 100 Diggers , 100 Things , Cheat Sheet , Kids Apps News No Comments If your little one is anything like mine, they may be able to say and identify an excavator from a bulldozer before they are 2 years old. TYPES OF MOTOR VEHICLES AT A GLANCE1 In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (4) of section 41 of the motor vehicles act, 1988 (59 of 1988) and in supersession of the notification of the government of india in the erstwhile ministry of surface transport number no. Recent Posts. The first step in welding repair is removal of the damaged metal. NSF standards and protocols can provide credibility and industry acceptance for emerging technologies, and certification from NSF, the most trusted name in food equipment, can give standing to new products and help them succeed. Platform listed with many types of construction equipment like road construction equipment, seized construction equipment available for sale, Mining equipment, lifting equipment, earth moving equipment, commercial vehicles. Organic Learning - Educational Videos for Kids 644,756 views. More common now are “end-result” or “performance” specifications, which give the contractor flexibility in achieving the desired soil density. Common Construction Contracts. Cranes are. Special construction equipment used less than 51 percent of the time for highway construction work or railroad right-of-way. Each manufacturer has slightly different methods to making snowboards, but the basic structure stays very similar. equipment will fail during off hours or close to the end of the normal workday. Versatile construction equipment is also able to multi-task by using specialized attachments so the machine can operate in different roles without requiring separate machines that add greater costs to the project. This is the sixth module in the series “Training for the Weights and Measures Official. Equipment financing transactions are provided in Canada by Wells Fargo Equipment Finance Company. Heavy duty construction equipment is likely to witness high demand from the infrastructure sector owing to rise in construction activities. Construction equipment like bulldozers , excavators, front loaders, wheeled and tracked skid steer loaders, and forklifts, are just a few of the available machines. This research was performed to identify the overall A-weighted sound levels of heavy construction equipment and the resultant occupational noise exposure of the operators of heavy construction equipment during normal operation.



272,335 classified ads for public works equipment for sale on Machineryzone are currently online. 46 per cent of the total construction equipment, followed by crawlers (about 18. In terms of equipment types, construction equipment market is mainly dominated by earthmoving equipment segments such as loaders, excavators and cranes. The most adequate equipment to perform one of these activities is not the most adequate to perform the others. Thiswork usually is done to as neat a line and grade as possible, so that concrete may be cast without forms. Offers various types of concrete construction equipment including concrete plant, concrete mixers, concrete batching plant, transit mixer, self loading transit mixers, concrete pump, shotcrete machine, concrete mix plant, international standard concrete construction machinery by a leading concrete solutions provider, Apollo Infratech. We take this experience, our material know-how, and the finest simulation equipment to the lab – to develop the most effective rock drilling tools available on the market. com always has the largest selection of New or Used Excavators Equipment for sale anywhere. Our portfolio comprises over 200 different types of machines and roughly 55,000 rental machines and devices. Construction Equipments for Drilling and Blasting. Find here Construction Equipment's Call us: Tel. This type of construction in which the building elements listed in IBC Table 601 are of non-combustible materials, such as concrete and steel. Trenchers may range in size from walk- behind models, to attachments for a skid loader or tractor, to very heavy tracked heavy equipment. A trench is an excavation in which the depth exceeds the width (Figure 1). Trenchers do range in size- from walk-behind models up to very heavy tracked equipment.



1 General Requirements for Tunnel and Shaft Construction In addition to complying with the safety requirements set forth in this section and. Top Causes of Construction Accident Injuries and How to Prevent Them Posted on June 14, 2017 June 14, 2017 by Kendall Jones By now we should all be familiar with OSHA's Fatal Four in construction: falls, being struck by objects, electrocutions and being caught in or between objects. International Construction magazine's annual Yellow Table ranking of the world's top construction equipment manufacturers provides interesting insight into the ups and downs in the construction industry and the global economy. piling plant and equipment. construction equipment industry matures 1950s through 1970s – boom times, emphasis on larger equipment 1980s onward – shift to urban work, emphasis on small to midemphasis on small to mid-size machines, enhanced ease of operation, safety, reduced noise, emissions. Since we expect to run equipment to failure, we will require a large material inventory of repair parts. Heavy Construction Equipment Safety. It can range from a single extinguisher on small low-risk sites to complex fixed installations on large and high-risk sites. Pipeline construction operations often take place in remote locations and in all types of weather conditions. How Heavy Construction Equipment Market Will Shape Having Biggies with Strong Fundamentals : Caterpillar, Komatsu, Liebherr, Sany, Terex. Excavation Shoring Methods & Shielding Types Shoring is the provision of a support system for trench faces used to prevent movement of soil, underground utilities, roadways, and foundations. Autonomous Equipment Sending a drone to inspect a jobsite saves time and keeps the technician on the ground instead of climbing scaffolds While VR is enhancing the productivity of humans, automation and robotics is providing a path to greater safety and efficiency, including the use of drones in construction. transporting plant. Cranes are. Lifting equipment includes any equipment or machinery used at work for lifting or lowering loads or people, including accessories and attachments used for anchoring, fixing or supporting the equipment. By the process of excavation, the land is.



and its subsidiaries. International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) Page Content Carriage of chemicals in bulk is covered by regulations in SOLAS Chapter VII - Carriage of dangerous goods and MARPOL Annex II - Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk. 'Trench Pro' has comprehensive solution for underground excavation safety like Municipal Shields, Manhole Shields, Road Plate and Excavation Support Equipment. Heavy Construction Equipment Safety. Heat treating equipment is normally supplied in one of two main types: batch or continuous. The type/s of subsoil. Workers often get dirty, greasy, muddy, or dusty. International Construction magazine's annual Yellow Table ranking of the world's top construction equipment manufacturers provides interesting insight into the ups and downs in the construction industry and the global economy. Users can search equipment specifications by industry, model and manufacturer. Oxy-fuel and plasma are typically better for cutting through metal, whereas carbon arc gouging is better for gouging out a crack or defect without completely severing the part. They protect against head injuries related to swinging or falling objects, striking the head against something, or accidental head contact with an electrical hazard. com is a free resource for construction contractors, construction equipment manufacturers, and construction equipment dealers. com, you'll find detailed, full-color listings featuring a vast inventory of used equipment listings from Caterpillar, Deere, Genie, JLG, Case, Komatsu, Bobcat, Volvo, JCB, Skyjack, Doosan, Kubota, New Holland Construction, and hundreds of other. According to the Equipment Leasing Association of America, approximately 80 percent of U. Construction Equipment SEARCH Manufacturer: Any Case (5) CAT (1) Chevy (3) Dodge (2) Ford (7) Freightliner (3) GMC (1) Hesston (1) International (9) John Deere (14) New Holland (2). Construction equipment is an important part of any construction process. Organic Learning - Educational Videos for Kids 644,756 views. TYPES OF MOTOR VEHICLES AT A GLANCE1 In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (4) of section 41 of the motor vehicles act, 1988 (59 of 1988) and in supersession of the notification of the government of india in the erstwhile ministry of surface transport number no. DUMPY LEVELS; Standard equipment before automatic levels were. Permanent hearing loss is devastating; it cannot be corrected with surgery or hearing aids.



Construction. Pump is sold outright. Equipment used in road construction vary depending on whether a project involves building a new road, re-carpeting a road or just minor road repairs. • Excavation Operations • Ground Support • Transportation and Haulage • Shafts • Tunneling in Soil • Compressed Air Work 23. Construction equipment is so large sometimes that the potential for crushing more than one worker in a topple over is great. Some of the most common pieces found on a construction site, however, include cranes, backhoes, forklifts or telehandlers, excavators, cranes, and bulldozers. Can provide control elevations over a 1,000,000 square foot area from a single setup. INdUSTRy STRUcTURE India produces the entire range of construction equipment for different applications. Each piece of equipment compacts the HMA by two principal means: By applying its weight to the HMA surface and compressing the material underneath the ground contact area. and its subsidiaries. Biz provide a 10-year forecast for the Heavy Construction Equipment market between 2019 and 2028. Get the best deal for CAT 1:24 Diecast Construction Equipment from the largest online selection at eBay. Lesson 5: Excavations and Excavation Supports (Earth-Retaining Structures) Overview The seventh lesson provides an overview on excavation supports and earth-retaining structures. Construction equipment operators work in nearly every weather condition, although rain or extremely cold weather can stop some types of construction. Imports of construction equipment, and heavy construction machinery (dredges, graders, dump trucks) used and new, will continue to be fueled by the desire of contractors to own and operate their own equipment rather than lease from other contractors. compacting plant. Construction Equipment Market by Type, Category, Emission Regulation, Aftertreatment Device, Power Output, Application, Rental Equipment, and Region - Global Forecast to 2025 News provided by.



There are various types of heavy construction equipment available in the market, however choosing the right type of construction equipment is imperative. Your construction business is challenged with complex projects on short timelines. Here is a list of commonly used road construction equipment: 1. By specifying and/or using less noisy equipment, the impacts produced can be. Global Heavy Construction Equipment Market, By Types (Earthmoving Equipment, Material Handling Equipment), by applications (Mining & Excavation, Earthmoving, Transportation), end users (Oil & Gas Industry, Construction Industry, Military, Mining) - Forecast to 2027 Market Scenario. Automation is a key source of labor productivity for the construction industry. The following discussions relate to both stationary and mobile construction equipment: less noisy equipment: One of the most effective methods of diminishing the noise impacts caused by individual equipment is to use less noisy machinery. 4 Uses Not Permitted 4. In addition to the operating brake, skips of concrete mixers should be provided with a device or devices by which they can be securely blocked when raised. The minimum length of a panel depends on the grab equipment size and is generally in the order of 3. compacting plant. The idea behind this type of tire is to give a tractor a bit of traction on a construction site. Excavation support systems are temporary earth retaining structures that allow the sides of excavation to be cut vertical or near vertical. An excavation is a hole left in the ground as the result of removing material. Earthmoving equipment can dwarf a survey crew member, making it difficult for the. six types of earth moving equipment on the market There are six main kinds of earth moving equipment on the market and it helps to be clear on the features and purpose of each so you can make the best choice when it comes to using heavy machinery. We provide finance and extended protection solutions with customizable payment plans to help expedite your purchase and get your equipment on the job fast.



See also WBDG Warehouse Building Type. SOE's mission is a simple one, to be the premier supplier of trench shoring products to the construction industry, offering unparalleled quality, attention to detail and an overall effectiveness to earn the term Market Leader, always treating our customers and vendors as business partners. Equipment Type Common Refrigerants. Many different types of heavy construction equipment exist, so the list of all the different kinds would be quite extensive. Just check with your accountant to make sure. We work with top suppliers around the world to ensure high quality parts at a fair price that can get to you quickly. earthmoving equipment rental Rent Bulldozers, Backhoes and Excavators from any of our north and central Florida locations Ring Power offers weekly and monthly rental of all types of contractor's equipment, including earthmoving, paving and material handling equipment. On a construction site, like any other workplace, you should always have suitable fire extinguishers readily available and a fire and emergency plan in place. One of the ways Deere Does Big is by providing the parts you need when you need them to keep your heavy equipment producing day in and day out. The level of the water table. Protective helmets and tower climbing hard hats are required in many construction, climbing and work at height environments. Classic Construction Equipment. While selecting heavy construction equipment, industries focus on parameters such as the complexity of the project, material, cost, quality, time, and safety. An excavation is a hole left in the ground as the result of removing material. Directory of construction equipment suppliers, building construction equipment and construction equipment manufacturers. Ditching: Use a Cat Hydraulic Excavator to dig the ditch for the pipeline.



Construction Equipment. Dobbs Equipment > New Equipment > Construction Equipment. Floor/Ceiling Assembly 1 ½ Hr. WorkSafeBC Home. They are commonly used in the construction industry and in the manufacturing of heavy equipment. Special construction equipment used less than 51 percent of the time for highway construction work or railroad right-of-way. It will also explain the appropriate care and use of each. leasing market including all types of equipment and all types of lessors. Large blast holes may be as large as 9 inches or 225 mm. Sort by: 1943 Caterpillar D4 Dozer used for sale. Once you have read or reviewed about the different types of engineers, you might end up wondering about where you should begin with your dream of becoming an engineer. Earthmoving equipment can dwarf a survey crew member, making it difficult for the. Dirtworks Excavation LLC provides excavation services throughout NW Oregon and SW Washington. The proximity of the excavation to vehicles, services and buildings. The graders as one of the most popular types of construction vehicles can be also used to produce sloped surfaces. They are ideal first such construction equipment as a forklift. Pipeline Construction Equipment. We provide finance and extended protection solutions with customizable payment plans to help expedite your purchase and get your equipment on the job fast.



There are many types of cranes available, serving everything from excavation to road work. While motor graders only made it to the large-size contractor list in new equipment buys, these machines appeared on the used top buy list of all three sizes of contractors. A go-to place for scaffolding, compaction equipment, cement mixers, and more. " In the World. Safety equipment, along with construction safety plan, protect workers from injury and harm. o Type C - gravel, sand, and loamy sand • Excavated material must be placed at least 2 feet from the edge of any excavation. There are three basic pieces of equipment available for HMA compaction: (1) the paver screed, (2) the steel wheel roller and (3) the pneumatic tire roller. planning, selection, and utilization of construction equipment. They are ideal first such construction equipment as a forklift. Determining a building's construction type is dependent on quite a number of different factors and requires a keen eye for detail. Construction Equipment We provide a wide range of quality light construction equipment to ensure that your job site keeps running regardless of the weather or time of day. According to Ritchie Bros, the five factors you should consider: your current financial situation, the cost of owning versus. The use of certain types of equipment such as feller-bunchers, skidders, masticators, skidgines and pumper cats is relatively new to many fire managers. 1 Description 5. Proven ability to read blueprints and drawings then manage team of excavators to create the required landscape. They can handle high weights and pavement. ICON is known as the original pioneer of this type of shoring system in the U. The major model building codes describe construction and establish occupancy life safety, fire protection and fire resistance requirements based on five “types of construction.



1 Equipment - All Types. The construction device, typically referred to as heavy equipment are machinery having applications in excavation and mining, lifting and cloth handling, earthmoving, transportation and other areas. Equipment World's specguideonline. In addition to the items listed here, these manuals contain entries for 74 additional excavators, 50 additional haulers, 16 dozers, 6 graders, and 28 additional drills, plus 3,000 other sizes and types of equipment used in surface and underground mining, reclamation,. Learn more about these and other types of Heavy Equipment through Lincoln Tech’s hands-on training programs in South Plainfield, NJ and Nashville, TN!. But what type of fire extinguisher should you use on a construction site? Water, foam, powder, carbon dioxide, or wet chemical?. Give accurate readings at distances of 1000 ft. A trench is an excavation in which the depth exceeds the width. Bulldozer Excavator. Increased investment in the infrastructure sector is expected to drive growth over the forecast period. , Austell, GA 30168 info@plateauexcavation. Top Causes of Construction Accident Injuries and How to Prevent Them Posted on June 14, 2017 June 14, 2017 by Kendall Jones By now we should all be familiar with OSHA's Fatal Four in construction: falls, being struck by objects, electrocutions and being caught in or between objects. By 2017, the global construction equipment market is estimated to be sized at around 192 billion U. This type of equipment is used for fine grading, demolition, trenching, removal of concrete and asphalt, clearing land and more. Permanent hearing loss is devastating; it cannot be corrected with surgery or hearing aids. Direct allocation via an Equipment BOM (IB01). Hauling equipment, in particular, is used to move building/drilling supplies, soil, and other materials. 5 inches or 38 mm.



Construction projects require the use of excavation and grading equipment, and the best companies will have all kinds of equipment. Tables for Equipment time segment, Equipment Short Texts, Equipment master data, and more. Versatile construction equipment is also able to multi-task by using specialized attachments so the machine can operate in different roles without requiring separate machines that add greater costs to the project. Workers often get dirty, greasy, muddy, or dusty. Used road construction equipment for sale could be a better option for your business from a financial standpoint. Related Images: construction equipment construction site machinery heavy 467 Free images of Heavy Equipment. However, industrial construction methods for highway construction, routine road maintenance, forestry, bridge construction and erecting structures employ many of the same tools and pieces of heavy equipment and machinery. whether a deposit is of this type may be difficult unless it is known whether cracks exist and whether or not the cracks run into or away from the excavation. Qualifications based selection (QBS): If the answer is not to include the total cost of construction as part of the contractor selection criteria, then the type of selection is considered to be a ―qualifications based selection‖ (QBS). They are among the largest mobile equipment ever built on land, making them a behemoth even in the construction world. The selection of the appropriate type and size of construction equipments often affects the required amount of time and effort and thus the job-site productivity of a project. Cat equipment sets the standard for our industry. Read or watch the latest construction equipment field tests, buyers guide or view the Top 100 construction equipment products now. " In the World. Excavation Shoring Methods & Shielding Types Shoring is the provision of a support system for trench faces used to prevent movement of soil, underground utilities, roadways, and foundations. 5 tons per square foot (tsf) (144 kPa) or greater. The prime function of instruments and test equipment is to help installation and maintenance personnel ensure dependability, efficiency, and profitability of electrical systems and equipment. Types Of Excavation Equipment.